An IDR is a receipt, declaring pwnership of sheres of foreign company. These receipts can be listed in India and traded in rupees. Just like overseas investors in the US-listed Americanm Depository Receipts (ADRs) of Infosys and Wipro get receipts against ownership of shares held by an Indian custodian, an IDR is proof of ownership of foreign company"s shares. The IDRs are denominated in Indian currency and are issued by a domestic depository and the underlying equity shares are secured with a custodian. An Indian investor pays in Indian rupees for the IDR whereas a shareholder in the issuer's home country pays in home currency.
It is minimum lending rate can charge their customers from july 1, 2010. So fair, all lending rates were pegged to a bank's prime lending rate (PLR). Under the existing system, banks charge customers intrest rate either above the PLR or below PLR. worked as an achor rate. From july 1, the base rae will not only relace the benchmark, but it will alsombe the new floor rate belw which no bank can lend. India's largest bank, the State Bank of India, has indicated that it plans to peg its base rate in the range of 7.5-8%.
A deflator is used to convert data compiled over a period into prices prevailing at an earlier point in time For example, the current price of a television can be daflated to what it would cost say three years ago. Essentially, a deflator removes the effect of inflation from data, making it comparable across periods.
Real-time gross settlement (RTGS) is maintained by the Reserve Bank of India. RTGS system is a funds transfer mechanism where transfer of money takes place from one bank to another on a 'real time' and on 'gross time' This is the fastest possible money transfer system through the banking channel. Settlement in 'real time' means payment transaction is not subjected to any waiting period. The transactions are settled as noon as they are processed.
It is one of the major innovations in cheque clearing after the Magnetic Ink Character Recognition (MICR) cheques introduced in the 80s. Cheque truncation is a system between clearing and settemrnt of cheques based on electronic images. This form of clearing does not invole any physical exchange of instrument. Bank customers would get their cheque realised faster as local cheque are cleared almost the same day as the cheque is presented to the clearing house, while intercity clearing happens the next day. Besides speedy clearing of cheques, banks also have additional advantage of reduced reconciliation and clearing frauds. It is also possible for banks to offer innovative products and services based on CTS.
It is a Limited level of protection provided by the government to depositors against bank failures. Every bank is mandatorily covered under the level of Deposit Guarantee and the Insurance Corporation of india. It is particulary revevant in countries like india where financial literacy is very low. At a macro-level, its objective is to contribute to the stability of the financial system.